Industry 4.0 is a collective term for technologies and concepts of value chain organization.
Based on the technological concepts of cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services, it facilitates the vision of the Smart Factory. Within the modular structured Smart Factories of Industry 4.0, cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes, create a virtual copy of the physical world and make decentralized decisions. Over the Internet of Things, Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) communicate and cooperate with each other and humans in real time. Via the Internet of Services, both internal and cross-organizational services are offered and utilized by participants of the value chain. This “fourth industrial revolution” describes technical developments leading to a highly connected world and intelligent technologies requiring personnel with new or changed qualifications.
Therefore, continuing education is a key factor for the successful intra-corporate implementation of Industry 4.0 concepts. The development, realization and control of datadriven processes and business models using ICT and digital technologies requires a whole new set of extended or alternative competences for meeting the requirements of the new or changing job profiles. In order to identify these competences, an extensive evaluation of the existing education and qualification offers on different levels is needed. In addition, the identification of potential future effects, chances and risks, as well as the emerging challenges regarding the education area, have to be grappled early to be able to identify potential implementation and development strategies for qualification offers. Due to the often conflicting and heterogeneous estimations and perspectives of the human factor in Industry 4.0, an in depth examination is essential.
This survey, called “use-case based identification of qualifications required for Industry 4.0 and their effects regarding the Austrian educational landscape” (in German abbrev. AEIQU), identifies job specifications relevant for Industry 4.0 based on an analysis of use cases in SMEs and major enterprises from different industrial sectors in Austria, in order to derive the required core competencies. A national education map shows the existing offers of education and continuing education and tries to match them with the previously identified core competencies. In addition, this survey includes a list of measures to be taken, containing recommendations for the initiation, consolidation and long-lasting assurance of a structured and continuous knowledge transfer between the industry and the Austrian educational landscape.
DDr. Herwig W. Schneider − Industriewissenschaftliches Institut − IWI
Mag. Philipp Brunner − Industriewissenschaftliches Institut − IWI
Roman Dorfmayr, MSc − Industriewissenschaftliches Institut − IWI
Patrick Halper − Industriewissenschaftliches Institut − IWI
Dr.-Ing. Sebastian Schlund − Fraunhofer-Institut für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation IAO